A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added.
If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility.
Relatedly, reading and IMing at the same time may also not have stretched their abilities as multitaskers. Do not show the same data in two forms data should be presented as either a table or a figure not both. Do we have to get a pre-peer review about the written manuscript?
This part of the discussion should begin with a description of any unanticipated findings, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study.
Discussion In the discussion you should explain your results, how they relate to the literature and any implications they might have for future use. We want to focus on your findings.
Provide 1 to 2 sentences summarizing the main findings of the study. The discussion section can be written in 3 parts: The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the culture.
In view of the potential problems associated with medication, the results of this study support the view that young people with OCD should, therefore, be offered CBT as the firstline treatment by child and adolescent mental health services. Foremost in your description should be the "quantitative" aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc.
A good discussion will explain why your results and the whole paper is important. Other erroneous issues consist of superfluousness of the manuscript with unnecessary repetitions, undue, and recurrent references to the problems adressed in the manuscript or their solution methods, overcriticizing or overpraising other studies, and use of a pompous literary language overlooking the main objective of sharing information.
Experienced researchers make guiding contributions to the manuscript. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area.
A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. San Francisco Edit, Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research.
If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. Location data must be as precise as possible: Our approach on this subject is to write all structured parts of the manuscript at the same time, and start writing the manuscript while reading the first literature.
The text of the results section should introduce each table or figure and provide a summary of the main points from each. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr.
This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic.
Use of the first person is generally acceptable. While it is understandable that the flaws in the experimental design and data are not factors that most authors wish to highlight, this section is required by most journals and should be stated.
This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality a conceptual model and tieing the observed result to that idea: Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate].
Overall, the results of this study support the need for a large-scale randomized controlled trial. Seedlings or mature plants? The length of the discussion should fit with the type of article and maximum word count permitted for the journal.
During writing process of the manuscript one of these can be selected based on the intensity of the discussion.
Additionally, our sample was predominantly Caucasian, and thus, we do not know how these results would generalize to ethnic minority groups. However working together in harmony requires assignment of a chief researcher, and periodically organizing advancement meetings.
Other trials of CBT with young people have tended to concentrate on managing the anxiety or discomfort experienced when undertaking exposure and response prevention, e.Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper.
There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be Things to Avoid When Writing the Discussion How to Write an Effective Discussion.
This section describes an organizational structure commonly used to report experimental research in many scientific disciplines, the IMRAD format: Introduction, Methods, Results, And Discussion. Although the main headings are standard for many scientific fields, details may vary; check with your instructor, or, if submitting an article to a journal, refer to the instructions to authors.
Writing an Empirical Paper in APA Style Discussion.
Each section of the paper requires at least one sentence in the abstract. Methods and Results Look at each section in the paper to determine the main point(s). Underline key sentences or write down the point of each paragraph.
5. Write a first draft, using the same order as you would. Strategy: Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper.
To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Discussion is one of the hardest section in research paper or thesis. It needs experience, learning and practice. It is not a way to restate your results.
Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate].Download